It is the combination of fats and oils with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide to produce a substance that cleans. The soap help to break surface tension which allows water to become wetter. The soap molecules surround dirt and germs and make it easier for them to be washed off.
We try our very best to include the best ingredients in our products. If the option is available we do our best to include organic ingredients are able to get the ingredients organic we do but not everything is organic. We make sure that the suppliers we do source are providing the best quality, are free of animal testing, and are sustainable.
We make soap using the cold process method. We start by melting fats and oils together, and mixing water and sodium hydroxide together. When each are the correct temperature we mix them together. In the beginning the mixture will have the consistency of oil and have a translucent apperance, when the soap starts to saponify (to become soap) the consistency will thicken and become opaque. Right before we pour into the molds the scent and colorants are added. When all the soap is poured, the soap sits for two days before being cut. During this process, we cut groom and stamp the soaps. After grooming, the soap must sit for an entire month before it can be used, this process is called the curing stage. In this stage 20% of the water weight evaporates from the soap making it a harder bar of soap that will last longer in the sink or shower. That is how we make simple ingredients into soap for your bubbly enjoyment.
Lye soap was made before we knew how to calculate how much lye was needed to saponify each oil. Each oil has a different amount of lye needed to make a soap molecule. Most of the time the recipe was a guess of how much of each oil and lye was needed. Lots of times there was too much lye in the recipe, hence the name Lye Soap. Now when soap is made we have calculators and formulas to help ensure that there is just enough lye and oils to make the perfect soap.